Updated: June 7, 2023

Midges are small flying insects that are often found near freshwater bodies like lakes, rivers, and ponds. They are commonly known as ‘no-see-ums’ due to their tiny size, which makes them difficult to spot. Midges are often misunderstood and many myths and misconceptions surround them. In this article, we will debunk some of the most common myths about midges.

Myth 1: All Midges Bite

One of the most common misconceptions about midges is that they all bite. While it’s true that some species of midges do bite, not all of them do. Midges that bite are usually female and require blood to lay their eggs. Male midges do not bite as they feed on nectar and other plant juices.

Myth 2: Midges Transmit Diseases

Another myth surrounding midges is that they transmit diseases to humans. However, this is not entirely true. While midges can carry viruses and bacteria, there is no evidence to suggest that they transmit diseases to humans. The main concern with midge bites is the irritation and itching that they cause.

Myth 3: Midge Bites Are Dangerous

Midge bites can be irritating and uncomfortable, but they are not dangerous. Unlike mosquito bites, midge bites do not transmit diseases or cause serious health problems. However, some people may be more sensitive to midge bites than others, and may experience a stronger allergic reaction.

Myth 4: Midge Repellents Are Ineffective

Many people believe that midge repellents are ineffective and a waste of money. However, this is not true. There are many effective midge repellents available on the market that can provide protection against midge bites. Repellents containing DEET or picaridin have been shown to be particularly effective against midges.

Myth 5: Midges Are Useless Creatures

Midges are often seen as useless creatures that serve no purpose in the ecosystem. However, this is far from the truth. Midges play an important role in the food chain, serving as a food source for many other insects, fish, and birds. They also help to pollinate plants and break down organic matter.

Myth 6: Midges Only Come Out at Night

Many people believe that midges only come out at night. While midges are more active at dusk and dawn, they can be found throughout the day. Midges are attracted to light, so they may be more visible at night, but they are still active during the day.

Myth 7: Midge Infestations Can Be Eliminated

Finally, many people believe that midge infestations can be eliminated completely. However, this is not true. Midges are a natural part of the ecosystem and cannot be completely eradicated. While it may be possible to reduce their numbers through the use of insecticides or other methods, it’s important to remember that midges will always be present in freshwater environments.

In conclusion, midges are often misunderstood and surrounded by myths and misconceptions. While they can be irritating and uncomfortable, they are not dangerous and play an important role in the ecosystem. By understanding the truth about midges, we can learn to coexist with them and appreciate their place in the natural world.