Updated: May 23, 2023

Bees are incredibly important for the environment, as well as for the production of food and other goods. They play a crucial role in pollinating plants, which helps to maintain biodiversity and increase crop yields. However, like all creatures, bees have natural predators that pose a threat to their survival. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at some of the natural predators that bees have to contend with.


Birds are one of the most common predators of bees. Many species of birds, such as swallows and bluebirds, feed on insects, including bees. They are particularly fond of the larvae and pupae of bees, which they will pluck from the hive or burrow in the ground. Some birds will also eat adult bees, either catching them in flight or picking them off flowers or plants.

While birds can be a serious threat to bee populations, they also play an important role in pollination themselves. Many species of birds are attracted to brightly colored flowers and will inadvertently transfer pollen as they feed.


Several species of mammals are known to prey on bees as well. Small mammals such as shrews and mice will often raid bee hives for honey and bee larvae. Larger mammals such as bears and skunks have also been known to attack hives in search of food.

One of the most significant mammalian threats to bees is the honey badger. Honey badgers are notorious for their tenacity and will stop at nothing to get what they want. They have been observed digging through concrete walls to get to beehives and can consume large quantities of bees and honey in a single sitting.


It’s not just other animals that pose a threat to bees; insects can also be a menace. One of the most common insect predators of bees is the praying mantis. These insects are skilled hunters and will lie in wait for bees to come within striking distance before pouncing. They are particularly adept at catching bees in flight, snatching them out of the air with their powerful forelegs.

Other insects that prey on bees include robber flies and dragonflies. These insects are also skilled hunters and will actively seek out bees as prey. They are particularly fond of feeding on adult bees, which they will catch in mid-air or while they are feeding on flowers or plants.


Spiders are another group of animals that pose a threat to bees. Many species of spiders are known to prey on insects, including bees. They will often spin webs near flowers or other areas where bees are likely to be found and then wait for their prey to come to them. Some species of spiders will also actively hunt bees, either by stalking them or ambushing them.

One of the most dangerous spiders for bees is the black widow. These spiders have venomous bites that can be fatal to bees as well as other animals. While black widows are not typically a significant threat to bee populations, they can still cause problems if they make their home near a hive.


Bees are incredibly important for the environment and for human society as a whole. Unfortunately, they face many natural predators that pose a threat to their survival. Birds, mammals, insects, and spiders all prey on bees to some extent, and their impact can be significant.

While it’s impossible to completely eliminate the threats that bees face from predators, there are steps that can be taken to minimize their impact. Protecting bee hives from larger predators like bears and honey badgers can help to keep bee populations safe. Planting flowers in areas with fewer predatory insects can also help to reduce the number of bee deaths caused by these pests.

Ultimately, protecting bees from predators is just one part of a larger effort to preserve these important pollinators. By working to create healthy ecosystems and promoting sustainable agricultural practices, we can help to ensure that bees continue to thrive for generations to come.