Updated: May 30, 2023

Fleas are tiny, blood-sucking parasites that can cause a lot of discomfort for both humans and their pets. They are known for their ability to jump long distances and quickly infest a home. To effectively get rid of fleas, it’s important to understand where they like to live and hide.

The Habitat of Fleas

Fleas thrive in warm, humid environments. They prefer temperatures between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity levels between 75% and 85%. They can survive for several months without feeding, making it difficult to completely eradicate them once they’ve invaded a home.

Fleas can be found both indoors and outdoors. Outdoors, they often live in tall grass, shady areas, and around shrubs and trees. They are particularly common in areas where pets spend a lot of time, such as dog parks or hiking trails.

Indoors, fleas like to live in carpets, rugs, bedding, and upholstered furniture. They also hide in cracks and crevices in floors, walls, and furniture. Fleas can lay up to 50 eggs per day, which can quickly lead to a large infestation if not addressed promptly.

Signs of Flea Infestation

It’s important to be able to identify the signs of a flea infestation in order to address the problem as soon as possible. Some common signs include:

  • Itchy bites on humans or pets
  • Reddened skin or rashes
  • Finding small, black specks (flea dirt) on pet bedding or carpets
  • Seeing fleas jumping on pets or furniture
  • Pets scratching excessively

If you suspect a flea infestation, it’s important to take action immediately to prevent the problem from getting worse.

How to Get Rid of Fleas

Getting rid of fleas can be a difficult and time-consuming process. There are several steps you can take to eliminate fleas from your home:

  1. Treat your pets: The first step in getting rid of fleas is to treat your pets. There are a variety of flea treatments available, including topical treatments and oral medications. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best treatment for your pet.

  2. Vacuum frequently: Vacuuming can help remove flea eggs and larvae from carpets, rugs, and furniture. Be sure to vacuum all areas of the home, including under furniture and in hard-to-reach areas.

  3. Wash bedding and clothing: Wash pet bedding, blankets, and any clothing that may have come in contact with fleas in hot water. This will help kill any remaining fleas or eggs.

  4. Use flea bombs or sprays: Flea bombs and sprays can help eliminate fleas from the home. Be sure to follow the instructions carefully and vacate the home while the product is being used.

  5. Hire a professional exterminator: If the infestation is severe, it may be necessary to hire a professional exterminator to eliminate the fleas.

Preventing Flea Infestations

Preventing flea infestations is much easier than getting rid of them once they’ve invaded your home. There are several steps you can take to prevent fleas from taking up residence in your home:

  • Treat your pets regularly with flea preventative medications
  • Vacuum frequently
  • Wash pet bedding and household linens regularly
  • Keep your yard tidy and free of debris
  • Seal up cracks and crevices in floors, walls, and furniture

By taking these preventative measures, you can significantly reduce the risk of a flea infestation in your home.


Fleas are tiny parasites that can cause a lot of discomfort for both humans and their pets. They like to live in warm, humid environments both indoors and outdoors. To prevent and eliminate flea infestations, it’s important to treat your pets, vacuum frequently, wash bedding and clothing, use flea bombs or sprays, and hire a professional exterminator if necessary. By taking these steps, you can keep your home flea-free and ensure the health and comfort of your family and pets.