Earwigs are one of the most overlooked creatures in the insect world. Despite their notoriety for being creepy-crawly, these little bugs actually offer a range of benefits that make them an important part of the ecosystem. Here, we’ll explore the benefits of earwigs and how they can be beneficial to your garden.
Earwigs are small insects that can be found in gardens and homes around the world. They have a pair of pincers on their back end which gives them their name – earwig comes from the Old English word ‘earwicga’, which means ‘ear creature’. Earwigs have elongated bodies and range in size from 5-25mm in length.
Benefits to Your Garden
Earwigs can be incredibly beneficial to your garden. They help to control pest populations by eating aphids, mites, and other small insects. In addition, they are also known to aerate soil, which encourages healthy plant growth. By introducing earwigs into your garden, you can help ensure a healthy balance of insects and plants.
As mentioned previously, earwigs feed on small insects such as aphids and mites. However, they are also known to feed on decaying plant matter such as leaves and flowers. This makes them beneficial to compost piles as they help to break down the materials faster.
While earwigs may seem like a nuisance, they actually serve an important function in the ecosystem by providing food for larger predators such as birds and reptiles. By keeping earwig populations in check, these predators maintain a healthy balance of organisms in the environment.
Earwigs prefer moist environments such as under rocks, logs, or mulch. If you have these in your garden, it’s likely that you will find earwigs living there too. By providing these habitats, you can encourage earwig populations in your garden which can help to keep pest populations in check.
How to Attract Them
To attract earwigs to your garden, it’s best to provide them with shelter and food. Placing damp cardboard or mulch around your garden will provide them with a safe place to hide during the day. You can also provide them with food by planting flowers or herbs that produce nectar or pollen. This will attract earwigs which can then provide natural pest control for your garden.
Earwigs may not be the most attractive insects, but they offer a range of benefits that make them an important part of the ecosystem. They help to control pest populations, aerate soil, and provide food for larger predators, all of which contribute to a healthy balance of organisms in the environment. By providing shelter and food for earwigs in your garden, you can help to ensure that your plants get the protection they need from pests while also helping to maintain a healthy balance of insects and plants in the environment.